Guadalajara, known for its tequila, mariachi, rich history, and traditions, is the capital of Jalisco. It is the second-largest city of Mexico and the 8th best city to visit in South America. This city is unique due to its historical background. It is considered as the tech hub of the town and is knows as Silicon Valley of Mexico. Moreover, it is the international center of business finance, arts, culture, and the economic center of the Bajío region. Its famous landmarks are Guadalajara Cathedral, the Templo Expiatorio, the Hospicio Cabañas, and the San Juan de Dios Market.
Guadalajara lies in the Atemajac valley and is spread to south and west. It is a large city on a plain, more than 5,000 ft (1,524 m) high and surrounded by mountains.
Guadalajara has the third-largest economy in Mexico with its industrial infrastructure and establishment. It contributes 37% of the total to the gross production of Jalisco. The economy’s main revenues are the industrial sector, technology, and foreign trade with a great base of commerce and services.
History of Guadalajara
Guadalajara has a long history, and before settling, it was founded initially in three different areas. The first settlement was in 1532 in Mesa del Cerro. The second was in 1533 at a site near Tonalá, and the ultimate solution is the location where it is now. In 1542 only 126 people were living here, and we’re officially founded on 14th Feb 1542. The Construction of the cathedral began here in 1563, and the 1791 University of Guadalajara was established. Guadalajara was the capital of Nueva Galicia, with some modifications until the Mexican War of Independence.
On December 6, 1810, slavery was abolished in Guadalajara, a proclamation that has been honored since the end of the war. Guadalajara became the capital of Jalisco in 1823. Despite the violence all this time that existed until the nineteenth century, there was economic, technological, and social growth in the city. Many services like electrical and railroad were established from 1884 to 1890. In 1910 Mexican Revolution started bringing an end to Porfiriato. Guadalajara again began to grow in the 1930s.
The 1992 Guadalajara explosions occurred on April 22, 1992, leaving considerable damage on the city with 206 dead, 500 injured, and 15000 homeless people. But things started to get better with time. It was named the American Capital of Culture in 2005 and Mexico’s first Smart City due to its use of developing technology.
Guadalajara is the cultural center of Mexico, where it displays the mariachi music and many significant cultural events. Such as the Guadalajara International Film Festival, Guadalajara International Book Fair. People here have strong traditional and religious beliefs and are hard working.
Climate in Guadalajara
Guadalajara has a humid subtropical climate featuring dry, warm winters and wet, hot summers. The high altitude influences its environment. Climate is warm and temperate with summers rainier than winters. Storms are prevalent, especially from August to September. The highest temperature is during May, which is 33°.